The Labor Market and Social Mobility

    • Necessary Skills for High-Tech Workers

      Niron Hashai, Sergei Sumkin and Ronen Nir

      This paper maps key trends in the technological employment market, assesses the correlation between various skills and the probability of integration into this market in research and development roles or growth positions, and presents policy recommendations.

    • Reducing Education Gaps

      Idit Kalisher, Haneen Matar, Kiril Moskalev, and Marian Tehawkho

      This paper examines disparities between Arab and Hebrew education in Israel, along with education system outputs (graduates’ proficiency levels, matriculation eligibility rates and matriculation quality) and inputs (funding from Education Ministry and local authorities, quality of teaching and management, and students’ backgrounds), and presents recommendations for gap reduction.

    • Crisis as an Opportunity: Employment Policy

      Tali Larom

      This paper outlines the required employment and human capital policy, which includes setting targets, establishing employment schemes, implementing a reform in the vocational training system and establishing an Employment Ministry.

    • Knowledge of Hebrew in Arab Society

      Idit Kalisher, Kiril Moskalev and Marian Tehawkho

      This paper examines the return on Hebrew language knowledge in academia and the labor market among women and men in Arab society, describes the barriers to language acquisition which exist in the Arab education system, and proposes a series of measures for improving Hebrew language proficiency from a young age.

    • High-Tech Employment Opportunities

      Benjamin Bental, Den Peled, and Sergei Sumkin

      This study explores changes which may increase the share of workers employed in the high-tech sector. The study supports intensifying the policy which aims to increase the rate of students who take expanded matriculation in mathematics and major in STEM-related subjects, and identifies some population groups, namely Jewish women as well as Arab and Haredi people, as potential sources for expanding high-tech employment.

    • Can the High-Tech Sector Grow?

      Sergei Sumkin

      This policy paper examines whether Israel has the necessary human capital to support expansion of the high-tech sector, from 9% to 12% of all employees across the Israeli economy, by 2030.

    • Committee for Employment Advancement

      The Committee for Employment Advancement Towards 2030, headed by Prof. Zvi Eckstein, recommends setting employment rate targets for different population groups, as well as an unprecedented recommendation to set targets of employment quality. The committee further recommends means for achieving these targets, including information and guidance systems, and training courses to enhance workers’ skills.

    • Labor Market as an Engine for Growth

      Zvi Eckstein, Osnat Lifshitz and Tali Larom

      This paper describes and explains the significant increase in employment since 2002, and its effect on wages, income and poverty.